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Legislation

Legislation

The starting point of the EU law are treaties which are known as primary law and form the basis for legislation adopted by the members states which is known as secondary law. Primary law consists of agreements between EU member states, the treaties establishing the European Communities with annexes, protocols and amending treaties. Treaties have been specified by secondary law. Regulations, directives and decisions are binding. Recommendations and opinions are not binding.  

Regulations are binding in their entirety and directly applicable in all member states. They are published in series L of the Official Journal of the European Union. Thus published, regulations automatically become part of the legal system of the member states without the need for harmonisation. 

Directives are binding on the member states but the member states can decide upon the implementing measures (law, government regulation, etc.). Decisions are binding on those to whom they are addressed – individuals, enterprises, EU institutions or member states. Recommendations are non-binding acts by which the European Union means to achieve certain ends without imposing a mandatory legal framework. Opinions reflect the views of the EU in certain issues but may not suggest any corresponding actions. 

The list on this page offers links to major EU databases and to document registers of EU institutions. 

akkordionipikktekst

Treaties

Other legislations

akkordionipikktekst

Document registers:

Luba