Last updated:05/18/2020 - 14:01
Refugee crisis
Fookuse peateema sisu


Europe has been the destination of the most extensive migration wave after WW II. In Europe 1,3 million asylum applications were submitted in 2015, the next year the applications amounted to 1,2 million. Immigration continues but countermeasures taken by the EU have considerably reduced the flow of immigrants.

The EU has decided to share responsibility for refugee protection but it is extremely difficult to reach consensus among member states.

The majority of refugees have fled war and terror. People who escape from their homeland and cannot return due to fear of persecution, are granted asylum under international agreements. Member states are responsible for reviewing the corresponding requests and decide who is granted asylum. Many leave their homeland in the hope of getting a better life. Member states are obliged to send economic refugees, whose asylum application is denied, to their country of origin or to the country from where they arrived.

Estonia’s contribution to the solution of the immigration crisis is in proportion to its population size in the EU. As of 26 July 2017, Estonia has relocated and resettled 161 refugees.

Keywords: European Union; common asylum and migration policy; migration policy; asylum seekers, asylum applicants, asylum claimants; right to asylum, right of asylum; migration; legal migration; immigration; illegal immigration, irregular immigration; immigrants; refugees; migration pressure, migratory pressure; integration; Dublin system

Hashtags: #asylum #refugees #migration #migrationEU #migrantcrisis #refugeecrisis #EUTurkeyDeal #Frontex

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Editor: Li Lind