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Last updated:02/08/2021 - 14:00
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- Engström, Mats. Green paths through a pandemic / Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies, June 2020.
The present pandemic crisis brings uncertainty to the European Green Deal – the ambitious plan for environmental and climate progress. What can policymakers do if they wish to keep the green momentum? Mats Engström, senior advisor at SIEPS, offers six courses of action.
- Kustova, Irina ; Rizos, Vasileios. The European Green Deal after Corona: Implications for EU climate policy / CEPS Policy Insights, March 2020.
Climate change policy cannot be the first priority of the EU for the immediate future. However, in spite of the corona-crisis the urgency of climate change mitigation has not disappeared. The post-corona recovery can both put the EU’s decarbonisation progress back on track – after low-carbon investments will inevitably take a hit – but the EU’s Green Deal proposals can likewise support the general economic recovery. It will be important to ensure that recovery measures are compatible with global climate change and European Green Deal priorities so that stimulus money will flow to economic activities that have a place in a climate-neutral world. As time passes, the re-launch may actually offer a unique opportunity for the EU to live up to the Green Deal’s promise of economic modernisation along the Paris decarbonisation objectives. The period we have until the relaunch should be used to develop a new agenda. These ideas will not per se be off-the-shelf but go beyond current solutions for decarbonisation. Instead of tinkering around the margins, the EU should focus on transformational technologies, and for example go big on low-carbon infrastructure, efficient buildings, and lead markets to boost demand for climate-neutral industry.
- Lazard, Olivia. Redesigning the Transatlantic Relationship to Face the Climate Crisis // Carnegie Europe, January 2021.
An adequate response to climate change requires transitional and adaptive policies. Success, in both of these areas, will be largely determined by the level of transatlantic commitment to global public goods.
- Piatkiewicz, Danielle. Examining Central and Eastern Europe’s Climate Policy through a Security Lens / EU Monitor, March 2020.
As the global community gathers to tackle the current Covid-19 virus, the future of the European Commission’s recent European Climate Law and European Green Deal remains unclear. Questioned even further by statements from some Central and Eastern European leaders calling for the green agenda to be abandoned in lieu of economic restoration in the aftermath of the Covid-19 crisis and causing further divisions within the EU on climate-related issues. However, if anything has taught us through this current crisis, is that global threats affect just that, the globe. The EU needs to find collective and unified approaches to tackle growing climate-related risks that pose both near and longterm security threats for the region.
- Widuto, Agnieszka. EU support for coal regions / European Parliament: European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), 2019.
The EU has committed to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % before 2030, and by at least 80 % by 2050. This will require a transition from relying on fossil fuels to renewable energy sources, and in particular a reduction in power generation from coal. While EU production and consumption of coal has declined steadily, coal still provides about a quarter of EU power generation.
Coal is mined in 12 Member States, and coal-fired power plants operate in 21 Member States. The European coal sector employs 238 000 people in directly linked activities, such as coal mines and power plants. An estimated 160 000 jobs could disappear by 2030. Further job losses are expected in indirect activities along the value chain, e.g. power generation, equipment supply, services, research and development. Impacts of phasing out coal are also likely to be felt in the iron and steel sectors, mining equipment manufacturing and coal terminals. Transition to a low-carbon economy will therefore require structural changes in coal-producing regions.
- The EU, a world leader in fighting climate change / European Parliament: European Parliamentary Research Service, 2018.
The European Union is at the forefront of international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and thus safeguard the planet’s climate. Greenhouse gases (GHG) – primarily carbon dioxide but also others, including methane and chlorofluorocarbons – trap heat in the atmosphere, leading to global warming. Higher temperatures then act on the climate, with varying effects. For example, dry regions might become drier while, at the poles, the ice caps are melting, causing higher sea levels. In 2016, the global average temperature was already 1.1°C above pre-industrial levels.
- Attitudes of European citizens towards the Environment / Special Eurobarometer, 3.03.2020
- Climate change / Special Eurobarometer, December 2019
- Future of Europe (including “Climate change”) / Special Eurobarometer, November 2018
- Climate change / Special Eurobarometer, September 2017
- Climate change / Special Eurobarometer, November 2015
- Climate change / Special Eurobarometer, March 2014
- EU Agricultural Policy And Climate Change [Policy Podcast] / European Parliamentary Research Service Blog (12.06.2020)
- The European Green Deal needs a reformed fiscal framework / Bruegel (20.12.2019) The European Green Deal should include a sustainable investment strategy that will help citizens change behaviour and companies switch technologies. But to finance it, the EU will have to increase the flexibility of its fiscal rules to encourage member states to invest in the transition.