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Estonia at a Glance

GEOGRAPHY
Area: 45 227 square km
Estonia is a green land, forests cover 50.5% of the country (22 846 square km)
Total length: 1 450.2 km, with a sea border of 768.6 km and a land border of 681.6 km

POPULATION
1,340 194 million (Source: Statistics Estonia, January 1, 2011)
Population density: 31 inhabitants per square km
The proportion of urban population (2010): 69%
The proportion of rural population (2010): 31%
The birth rate in 2009 was 11,7 per 1000 residents while the mortality rate reached 12,0 per 1000 residents.
Largest ethnic groups: Estonians (69%), Russians (26%), Ukrainians (2%), Belarussians (1%) and Finns (1%)

MAIN CITIES
The capital of Estonia is Tallinn (400 thousand inhabitants or 29.6% of total population).

Other large cities and population (thousands):
Tartu – 103 300
Narva – 65 900
Kohtla-Järve – 44 500
Pärnu – 44 000

STATE
Type
: parliamentary democracy.
Head of the State: the President, who is elected by the parliament or an electoral body. Term: 5 years. Current President is Ms Kersti Kaljulaid, elected for a second term by the Parliament on August 29, 2011. Next elections: Autumn 2016.
National legislature: the Riigikogu. A unicameral parliament of 101 members. Term: 4 years. Next elections for the 13th Riigikogu: March 2015.
Head of the Government: Prime Minister, currently Mr. Jüri Ratas (Estonian Centre Party)
Highest judicial power: Supreme Court
Administrative division: 15 counties, 33 cities and 194 rural municipalities.
Electoral systems: proportional representation. There is universal suffrage for Estonian citizens over 18 years of age. Municipal elections: Term: 4 years. All permanent residents over 16 years old, regardless of citizenship are eligible to vote in municipal elections. The last elections for local authorities were held on 15 October 2017.

More information: 1) Estonia.eu ; 2) State portal